Different Types Of Mental Illnesses And Their Treatments

With an increase in the focus on different mental illnesses throughout the world, several studies are widely being conducted for the better understanding of mental problems and for coming up with the right treatment measures. Studies in this field have revealed that there are many people who suffer from mental health problems throughout the world. Mental problems are characterised by changes in behaviour, thought and mood. Such

problems can make it very difficult for people to carry on with their regular activities. They can also impair an individual’s ability to work, interacting with friends and family and fulfilling major functions of life. Here, we will have a look at some of the most common mental issues that the procedures used for treating such problems.

Common Mental Illnesses

There are different mental illnesses that occur commonly in people and these include Alzheimer’s, autism, anxiety and depression.

  • Autism is a range of different conditions characterised by great challenges with social skills, nonverbal communication, speech, repetitive behaviours and unique differences and strengths. There are different types of autism caused by a combination of environmental and genetic influences.
  • Another mental illness is depression which is a common and also a serious mood disorder. While every individual feels moody, low and sad for some time, there are people who experience such feelings intensely for a very long span of time. Sometimes, there is no apparent reason behind people experiencing such feelings. Symptoms of depression include difficulty handling regular activities like working, sleeping and talking and change in thought procedure.
  • Anxiety is another serious mental illness which is common in people. Feeling nervous before an exam or when facing certain work or financial problems is quite common in people. But such feelings must disappear rapidly and they must not linger around for a long time. If at all, these feelings do not disappear, it is time for you to take some help.
  • Alzheimer’s disease is considered one of the most common causes of dementia. It is a progressive mental illness resulting in the deterioration of the brain cells. This makes an individual lose the ability to perform regular activities.

From the above illustration of different mental illnesses, it can rightly be concluded that most mental problems are more or less the same in nature. Therefore, the treatments used for these conditions are also the same. We will have a look at them below:

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Psychotherapy

This is a therapeutic treatment offered by trained mental health care professionals. This treatment explores the behaviours, thoughts and feelings of the affected for improving his or her well-being. When psychotherapy is combined
with proper medicines, it is one of the most effective methods of promoting recovery. Good examples of psychotherapy include exposure therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy and dialectical behaviour therapy.

Medicines

Medicines for mental illnesses do not serve as the best treatment. Nevertheless, they might be of good help in managing the symptoms of mental problems.

Case Management

This type of treatment involves case managers assessing, planning and implementing different strategies for facilitating recovery.

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How to properly care for our elders at home

As your parents or senior loved ones grow old, giving them the care they deserve can sometimes be a daunting task. The needs of seniors range from simple health care needs to help in doing their daily activities. While in-home care cannot be totally regarded as a bad option especially for persons looking to save some money, getting the service of a senior home care remains the best option.

Here are a few steps you can follow to take care of seniors:

  1. The first point of call when it comes to caring for your parents and other senior citizens is to assess the health of the individual. This ensures that you are not only giving the person the right treatment but also helps in identifying the best health care provider for the person. While some seniors would require little or no major health care needs, others with dementia or Alzheimer will require even more attention especially medically.
  2. The next step will be to sit down with your family to talk about the needs of the individual and strategise ways of giving him or her the best possible care. With the decision of taking care of your senior, it is important for everyone to be aware of the requirements for such venture.

After assessing the needs of the seniors and identifying what it requires to ensure they are in good health, strategising ways of caring for them at home is next. It is worth noting that home care service providers offer different services designed to help take care of seniors at your home. For instance, Carescope, one of the best in home care provider in Sacramento offers additional services for hospice, stroke, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and dementia.

Some of the services rendered by these home care providers are briefly highlighted below:

  • Companionship – this ensures that seniors get the support and company they need as a caregiver visits the home to keep them company.
  • Safety – professional caregivers keep an eye on the environment for potential safety hazards.
  • Cleaning – for persons on a tight schedule and have no time to properly clean the home, home care providers can also clean the home.
  • Feeding – seniors require some specific food nutrients to stay healthy and happy, and meals containing such nutrients can be made by the home care provider.
  • Medicine – regardless of how healthy your senior citizen is, some medicines are required to be taken at regular intervals, and this is where a professional healthcare giver can be very helpful.
  • Physician service – Home care providers also offer this service to seniors, making house calls to ensure their clients are fine.

Other services rendered by home care providers include transportation, physical therapy, geriatric assessment, and respite care.

Once the services and requirements needed to ensure the health and safety of the seniors are identified and the provider subsequently hired, it is important to be organized. This can be achieved by creating a medications list and schedule, a contact list and a health history of the senior citizen. This ensures that your senior gets the supervision, support system and communication he or she deserves especially with the caregiver.

The last on the list of things to do to care for your seniors at home is taking care of yourself. It is important to take your health seriously to avoid breaking down in the process of caring for your senior.

While taking care of your senior citizen at home is a great idea, it is important to note that only reliable and professional in-home care providers like Carescope.com should be hired. This ensures their safety and healthy living even in your home.

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